Lathe is a tool that rotates any workpiece on its axis in order to carry out numerous operations such as cutting, deformation or drilling, knurling and so on with tools applied on that workpiece to create a symmetrical object about an axis of rotation. In short, a lathe machine is used to shape various work pieces. Lathe machines have many applications; lathe machines are used in woodturning, metalworking, metal spinning, glass working and thermal spraying. The main purpose of a lathe machine is to facilitate unfinished to finished metal product transformation.
There are different types of lathe machines depending on the material being worked upon. Generally, there are three types of lathe machines – engine lathes, special purpose lathes and turret lathes. Each of these types have their respective characteristics and applications. Engine lathes are the most popular. The best thing about engine lathes is that they can be used to transform different materials other than metal. Turret lathes are used for sequential machining of single workpieces. Sequential machining helps in eliminating errors in the work alignment. With turret lathes, machining is done with better efficiency thereby reducing errors, increasing speed and correspondingly reducing working time. Special purpose lathes are used for carrying out special procedures and processes (e.g. heavy duty production of identical parts), and hence the name special purpose lathes.
The global lathe machines market is expected to grow steadily over the next decade and is likely to incur massive revenues during the forecast period. This growth can be attributed to an impressive development in the global automotive industry. The rise in demand for new, fuel efficient, advanced automobiles with enhanced safety features is one of the main reasons for the global automotive boom, which in turn has increased the demand for lathe machines in the automotive industry.
The major factor likely to drive the growth of the global lathe machines market is automation. With a growing awareness of quality, manufacturers have started automating their production processes. The increased need to provide superior products has pushed manufacturers to use advanced automated systems. The integration of the Internet of Things (IoT) in manufacturing (Smart Manufacturing) is one of the new trends in the global lathe machines market that will gain sufficient traction in the coming years. To add to this, manufacturing industries in advanced and developing countries are focussing on replacing manually controlled lathe machines with computer numerical controlled (CNC) lathe machines to enhance industrial productivity and efficiency.
Growing urbanisation has fuelled market demand in the automotive, general machinery and transport industry. The growth in these three main sectors have led to an augmented demand for metal machine tools and in turn are the growth accelerators of the global lathe machines market.